The art museum at University of Georgia is amazing!
This exhibition focuses on artists with work in the museum’s permanent collection who served in the military, from the Revolutionary War through World War II.
World War I
Left image: Born Peyton Hedgeman, Palmer Hayden got both his name and his first artistic training from the U.S. Army, in which he served for almost 10 years. In 1911, he enlisted in the all-black Company A, 24th Infantry Regiment, and was deployed to the Philippines in the cartography unit. Second lieut. Arthur Boetscher gave him drawing lessons in their spare time. The story goes that a mispronunciation by a commanding officer led to his name change. When his first tour was up, he enlisted again, serving at West Point in the black detachment of the 10th Cavalry from 1914 to 1920. There, he took a correspondence drawing course, on which he spent most of his monthly income. After his army years, he worked numerous menial jobs while working on his art but eventually became well known as an artist. He painted the “The Wolf at Piermont New York“ in 1920.
Right image: Jean Dufy did his compulsory military service from 1910 to 1912 in a cavalry regiment. He was then drafted into the French army in 1914, during World War I, shortly after his first exhibition. He served as an ambulance driver, then trained in artillery. He painted in his quieter moments. He survived the war and recovered in Val-d’Ajol, in the Vosges region of France, before moving back to Paris. This painting, “Sacre Coeur,” shows a church on the hill of Montmartre, a bohemian district of Paris.
World War II
Top left pic: Already well known as an artist for his New Deal murals, Howard Cook, the indomitable one, led the U.S. Army’s War Art Unit as part of the 43rd Infantry Division in the South Pacific during World War II for six months. He spent his name making drawings and paintings of soldiers and was treated the same as the other military men. His tour ended shortly after Congress voted to cut off funding for the unit.
Top right pic: Already known as an artist, Jacob Lawrence was drafted into the U.S. Coast Guard during World War II. At first, he served in a segregated regiment, but in 1944, he joined the first racially integrated crew on the cutter Sea Cloud. He worked as an artist to document military life as he traveled to Europe with the crew. Lawrence made nearly 50 paintings during his service, but all were lost. He made this painting, “Children at Play” in 1947, and it showed his signature use of primary colors and flattened form.
Bottom pic: Born in Cairo, Egypt, O. Louis Guglielmi moved to the U.S. with his family in 1914. He was interested in and made art from a young age and became a naturalized citizen in 1927. He worked for the Federal Art Project during the Great Depression. This work, including his painting, “Tenements,” addresses the poverty that President Franklin Roosevelt tried to solve through government programs. During World War II, he served with the Army Corps of Engineers from 1943 to 1945.
Left pic: Robert von Sternberg’s Pasadena Rose Parade—1971
Right pic: Michael Stone’s 57 times 4—2013
REFERENCE: UGA Museum website